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Four principles to be followed in printing operation

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I. whole process control principles
include source, production control and end. Source control is to formulate ink content limits, production process control is to formulate printing and packaging production management requirements, and end control is to formulate organized emission and unorganized emission limits
II. Differentiation principle
includes process, time, technology and region. Process difference refers to the difference between processes and printing materials. Time difference refers to the difference between existing enterprises and new enterprises. Technical difference refers to the difference between source control and end control. Regional difference refers to the difference between key areas and non key areas. Among them, the differences between processes mainly refer to the differences in VOCs emission concentration limits of flexo printing, gravure printing, offset printing, screen printing and composite processes, while the differences in printing materials mainly refer to the differences between breathable and impermeable printing materials, which is directly related to the requirements of source control, that is, the possibility of hydration
III. directivity principle
that is, VOCs control indicators mainly point to the emission limits of substances with large consumption, high toxicity and strong photochemical reaction activity, such as benzene, toluene, xylene and total VOCs
IV. feasibility principle
includes the best feasible governance technology and the best cleaner production technology. It can be seen that the VOCs emission control of the flexible packaging industry is urgent, and the flexible packaging enterprises should act quickly, otherwise they can only face the fate of being eliminated in the new round of reshuffle of the industry.

Mingrong printing believes that the six principles of decision-making due to instructions before printing operation
Mu Mingyi · date: May 18, 2005 · source: keyin media

[keyin report] decision-making is an important function of management and the embodiment of the competitive strategy and ability of enterprise operators. If the decision is successful, the enterprise can develop; If major decisions are successful, the enterprise can achieve leapfrog development; Once the decision-making is wrong, the enterprise will suffer economic losses, or be destroyed. Therefore, good or bad decision-making is related to the life and death of an enterprise. Generally speaking, decision-making should adhere to the following six principles

scientific principle

scientific principle requires that decision-making matters are objectively and technically possible; It is advantageous in economy and development; It is feasible in implementation and construction. To do this, we must conduct serious investigation and research, comprehensive analysis and all-round scientific demonstration

there is a collective enterprise. In 1995, it borrowed and invested several million yuan to adjust the product structure, from printing sporadic live parts to printing large quantities of books and periodicals. The production hardware of the enterprise has been improved and the scale has become larger, but it is difficult to compete with large enterprises with strong strength due to the extreme shortage of live parts of books and periodicals, lack of funds and backward technology. The main reason for the failure of this enterprise’s decision-making is that the decision-makers make decisions only with determination and confidence, and lack of serious and detailed investigation and Research on the highly competitive book printing market

in the same region, Shaanxi printing factory merged a small enterprise in the early 1990s. Using the site of the merged enterprise as investment, they established a joint-stock company with several large cigarette factories and an investment company in the province. The company’s leading products are cigarette labels. The live parts are provided by the shareholder cigarette factory, the funds are raised by the joint-stock enterprises, and the technical and management resources rely on the advantages of the enterprise. Due to the guarantee of production, supply and marketing, Shaanxi Jinye Co., Ltd., which has united six legal entities in the province and operated according to the mode of modern enterprise system in the past 10 years, has standardized operation, scientific management, sufficient living resources, advanced technology and considerable benefits. The success of this major decision-making of Shaanxi printing factory is that before the decision-making, it carried out a series of comprehensive and in-depth market research, detailed and thorough feasibility demonstration, and put forward corresponding countermeasures for each possible problem, so as to transform “possibility” into “reality” as much as possible in the implementation

leading principle

if there is no leading principle, it is not called decision-making. Being ahead is to have a relatively objective estimate of the development of the situation and things, and make a decision first, so as to win business opportunities for development

Shanghai No. 3 printing factory took the lead in the IC card market in 1998, aiming at the huge demand for magnetic cards in the post and telecommunications system. After several years of development, by 2000, the products of the factory had occupied 60% of the market share of the National Telecom kakaki. The success of the product transformation of Shanghai No. 3 printing factory is due to its sensitive and forward-looking vision of the market

the predecessor of Shaanxi Ankang Tianbao Industrial Co., Ltd. is Ankang printing factory. Due to the lack of live parts for a long time, there is no great development. After the completion of the joint-stock reform in March 1998, Ankang Tianbao industry adhered to the principle of one industry and diversified operation, established a number of economic entities according to local conditions, and embarked on a road of diversified development. They invested in the puerarin intermediate project in 1998 according to the advantages of rich wild Puerarin resources in Qinba mountain area and the market prospect of increasing social demand for puerarin injection. Three years later, the sales and profits of the project have accounted for as much as 40% of the whole company. In 2001, aiming at the resource advantage of rich ginger in the local Hanshui River Basin, Ankang Tianbao industry launched a new biochemical project with an annual output of 210 tons of saponin and 60 tons of diene. At present, this project has formed a large-scale production capacity with an annual sales of 60 million yuan and a profit and tax of 11 million yuan. Some local enterprises saw the broad prospect of Ankang Tianbao Industrial Development of tertiary industry and followed suit, but it was too late and half a step slow

principle of prudence

book printing enterprises have unique equipment, technology and management advantages, and should focus on the main business of printing. If you rashly set foot in a strange field, you may give up halfway because you are not familiar with the operation law of the new field, and the invested funds will be wasted. For large-scale book printing enterprises, if they weaken printing or even abandon printing, it is tantamount to picking up sesame seeds and losing watermelon

there is a medium-sized book printing enterprise with full tasks, stable quality, increasing profits year by year, steady development and outstanding among local enterprises. Some successes have also been achieved in extending the printing field and developing three industries, but the establishment of pharmaceutical factories is questionable. The talent and technology of the printing industry and the pharmaceutical industry are thousands of miles away, and the original resources of the enterprise can not be utilized; The production safety and environmental protection
conditions of the pharmaceutical industry are very strict, and there are a series of provisions for applying for business license and special industry license. If a small pharmaceutical factory run by a county on the verge of bankruptcy is merged, its technology and drug quality are difficult to be compared with powerful advanced enterprises, and it is difficult to create famous brands. It is still too early to comment on the success of this decision-making project, but when the decision-making enters a new field, we must be very careful and find the right entry point. Without the main direction of attack, people can only give the impression that gold and jade are outside and failure is among them

we should also be cautious about major decisions such as enterprise merger and scale expansion. For example, giant, aido, Helios, Asia and other prominent enterprise groups were defeated in the end because the stalls became larger and larger, there were sharp contradictions between expansion and capital and management, and there were no countermeasures. As a result, the new investment was wasted and the scale efficiency of the original enterprises was damaged. A book printing enterprise itself has insufficient production tasks, surplus personnel and idle equipment, but it spent millions of yuan to merge a small enterprise and millions of yuan to carry out technological transformation. Their original intention is to open up a window in the city to attract a large number of customers and living sources, so as to achieve complementary advantages and win-win. However, due to the lack of funds, slow renewal of equipment, extreme lack of living sources and maladjustment in management and technology, it eventually leads to difficulties in operation

decisions must be prudent, especially those involving unfamiliar fields, enterprise expansion, major investments and high risks. Once a mistake is made, it will cause a fatal blow to the enterprise

the principle of transparency

the principle of transparency means that the matters of decision-making should be understood and participated by employees, implement democratic decision-making, and give full play to the collective strength and wisdom. Increasing the transparency of decision-making can ensure the correctness of decision-making to the greatest extent. This is crucial to the success of decision-making

the state-owned 523 factory is a strategic printing factory during the third line construction period in the 1960s. The factory is far away from cities and towns, 150 kilometers away from the provincial capital Xi’an, inconvenient transportation, poor information, high production costs and poor operating conditions. However, the successive leading groups of the factory always rely on the employees to hold joint meetings of the party, government, industry and Youth League on a regular basis to discuss and listen to opinions on matters requiring decision-making; When major issues are involved in decision-making, a special agency shall put forward a preliminary plan after investigation and research, and submit it to the factory management committee or the workers’ Congress for deliberation and decision-making. These measures have stimulated the enthusiasm of employees to be masters of the family. Once the decision is passed, they will consciously implement it, which has produced the due effect and promoted the steady development of the enterprise

the principle of legality

China has not implemented the market economy for a long time, many supporting laws and regulations are not perfect, a fair and orderly competition order has not been formed, and the disadvantages such as the lag, blindness and destruction of the ecological environment of the market economy have not been effectively controlled, which is easy to lead to the breeding and spread of social cancer such as money worship, mercenary, fake and shoddy. Book and periodical printing enterprises are also corroded and affected to varying degrees. The leaders of individual enterprises are troubled by the immediate difficulties and attracted by the immediate interests. They forget the constraints of laws and regulations. They pirate and print all kinds of publications whenever they have the opportunity to make private profits

by increasing the transparency of decision-making, we can ensure the correctness of decision-making to the greatest extent

Shaanxi Hanzhong printing factory was originally a national designated enterprise for book printing. It was once known as an honest, responsible and law-abiding enterprise. The production development speed is not very fast, but it still shows an upward trend. In 1999, the leading group of the enterprise was adjusted again. The new official took office three times, and put forward the goal of laying the foundation in one year, going up the steps in two years and showing his strength again in three years. When vigorously developing business, he relaxed the string of abiding by discipline and law in his mind. At the beginning of 2000, he colluded with illegal booksellers and boldly pirated the book Cihai, with a printing number of 5000 sets and 15000 copies, becoming the first case of piracy in Shaanxi in the new century. After the incident, the enterprise suffered huge economic losses and intangible asset losses, which is difficult to recover in the short term

on the contrary, a typical case of abiding by the law and refusing to steal printing in Shaanxi has caused a sensation in the local area. In October 1991, a customer who claimed to be a salesperson of Shanxi Fenjiu factory came to 523 factory to ask for a contract for printing Fenjiu trademark and said to pay half of the money in advance. Although the 523 factory had no work to do at that time, it investigated the business with many doubts and assisted the Fenjiu factory in cracking the case of manufacturing fake famous liquor trademarks. Shanxi Fenjiu factory was moved by the integrity and law-abiding operation of May 23 factory, and took the initiative to transfer its wine label to May 23 factory for printing. The recognition of the company’s reputation is not limited to the promotion of the company’s reputation by the media, but also to the promotion of the company’s reputation

precautionary principle

No enterprise or operator can guarantee the success of decisions made. The problem is that when the decision-making obviously deviates from the market and the objective reality in the implementation process

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